Chad Alan Goldberg is a sociologist affiliated with the Center for German and European Studies, the George L. Mosse/Laurence A. Weinstein Center for Jewish Studies, and the George L. Mosse Program in History at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He specializes in political and comparative-historical sociology as well as social theory.

Goldberg was educated at New College of Florida, where he received a BA in philosophy and sociology, and the New School for Social Research, where he earned his doctoral degree with a dissertation on the contested rights of relief workers and workfare workers in the United States. He joined the faculty in the Department of Sociology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 2001; in 2007 he was promoted to the rank of associate professor with tenure; and in 2012 he was promoted to full professor.

He has also been a visiting professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, a member of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study, a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Advanced Research Collaborative at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, a European Institutes for Advanced Study Senior Fellow at the Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg, and a visiting fellow at the Max-Weber-Kolleg für kultur- und sozialwissenschaftliche Studien.